Chopsticks Put in Garbage Wood and Plastic Handled Differently Wooden chopsticks can be disposed of with other green waste. Plastic chopsticks are usually made out of plastic #5 and can be recycled. Compost Wooden Chopsticks Instead of disposing of them as waste, consider adding wooden chopsticks to your compost pile. They decompose more slowly than food, but will break down eventually. Ways to Reduce Say "No" to Takeout Chopsticks When you get takeout, leave disposable chopsticks at the restaurant, and use reusable chopsticks at home instead. You can find reusable options made out of plastic, wood, stainless steel or porcelain. Did You Know? Chopsticks and Deforestation China now produces over 57 billion pairs of wooden chopsticks per year. The demand for these disposable chopsticks results in the harvest of 3.8 million trees annually. Disposable chopsticks continue to be produced at increasing rates in spite of the loss of 30 percent of China’s forests in the last 50 years. Read more from the New York Times and Huffington Post. Edible Chopsticks? Perhaps the most eco-friendly chopstick is one that you can eat. Japanese designer Nobuhiko Arikawa of the company Rice-Design created edible chopsticks and other tableware out of baked flour, water, and salt, a combination known as sailor’s hardtack.